[dropcap]P[/dropcap]ushkar is one of the oldest places in India. Its antiquity has not been yet properly investigated, and it is difficult to say with any certainty when Pushkar first came into existence.
During the rains, people some time find here punch-marked Hindu coins, which are held to be the most ancient century BBC; also Bactrian, Greek, Kshatrapa, and Gupta silver coin. These shows Pushkar was in existence in the fourth century B.C. Several kinds of silver and copper Somaldeva, Someshwara, and Prithviraja’s copper coins, as well as Pathan and Mugal coin are also found here.
The Ramayana, the oldest epic poem in the word, mentions Pushkar, and says (sarga62, Sloka28) that Viswamitra performed tap (devotion) here. It is further says (sarga63, sloka15) that the Apsara menka came to Pushkar to bath in sacred waters.
[quote]The Mahabharata, whilst laying down programme of Maharaja Yudhishtra’s travels says; “Maharaja after entering in jungles of Sindh and crossing the small rivers in the way, you should bath in Pushkar.[/quote]
[one_half]Inscription found in other part of India show that this place was equally sacred to the Buddhists as to the hindus four stone inscriptions of the second century B.C. in the Buddhists Stupa at sanchi in Bhopal (M.P.), mention the charitable donation made by Bhikshus Arhadina, Ngarakshita Arya (venerable) Buddharakshita, Himgiri, Pusak and Isidata(a women), all inhabitants of Pushkar. These inscriptions show that in the second century B.C., Pushkar was populous town and a holy place.[/one_half]
[one_half_last]A manuscript account of Ajmer and Jodhpur, by one Gulam Qadir, written about 1830 A.D. says: “At Pokhur near Khut mandir, is a stone with a Sanskrit inscription of which the following translation.” ‘In the year S. 106 (A.D.59) and twelfth day of the moon in Asar, the wife of Govind Brahmin daughter of Vias Bikram burnt herself with her husband.’ This inscription has not yet been traced.[/one_half_last]
In the inscription of about 215 A.D. in the Pandu Lena Cave in the hills of Trirashami, near Nasik (Bombay Presidency) says that Ushavdata, son of Dinik of the shak dyanasty, and son-in-low of the well known king Nahpan of the Banas river , and Pushkar gave in charity 3,000 cows and a village. This is shown that the sanctity of Pushkar in the second century A.D. was a great as it today.
The oldest inscription found in Pushkar itself is of the time of King Durgaraja, and is dated the year 925 A.D., which was presented to Rajputana Museum, Ajmer in 1909 A.D. A later inscription containing no date, but of the time of king of Ajmer (about 1000 A.D.) found in Pushkar, is the Rajputana Museum. In September 1910 A.D. during a further search for inscription,we discovered an inscription dated 1187 A.D. on a Sati pillar in the temple of Ashtotar shat-ling Mahadeva.
The famous Harsha Temple inscription of 973 A.D. in Shekhawati (Jaipur sate), mention the grant by the Chauhan King Sinharaja of four villages to the grant by the Chauhan King Sinharaja of four villages to the temple of Harshanath after bath in Pushkar.
The epic poem, Prithviraja vijaya, written in the twelfth century A.D., dilates on the sacred character of the place, and mentions a celebrated temple of Ajagandha Mahadeva, which does not appears to be in existence now, unless it is the temple now known as the temple of Atmateshwara Mahadeva, the under-ground storey of which appear to very old.